Tuesday, December 18, 2012

Huroof Al-Muqatta'at - Part 3



Huroof Al-Muqatta'at - Hamiduddin Farahi's Method

PART 3


This post will attempt to define the Disjointed-Letters(Huroof Al-Muqatta'at) in light of Hamiduddin Farahi's exposition on them. The reader is encouraged to consult the following sources before viewing my research:
  1. http://quransmessage.com/articles/huroof-e-muqqatat%20FM3.htm
  2. http://thedisconnectedletters.wordpress.com/2008/01/19/theory-seven-%E2%80%93-the-letters-hold-a-semiotic-significance/
  3. http://www.hamid-uddin-farahi.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=93:huruf-i-muqattaat-farahis-view&catid=38:articles-others&Itemid=75
I separated Chapter Mary due to it's length. If you want an easy reference to the Hebrew-Arabic Letter Correspondence or Picture-Definition, please look at Part 1. 

By the way, Ta-Ha and Ya-Seen do not refer to Prophet Muhammad(pbuh)!


36. Ya-Seen in Chapter: Ya-Seen


Ya

The Arabic word Yad literally means Hand. As noted in the Hebrew-Arabic Letter-Meaning Correspondence, this specifically refers to a Bent Hand. This is connotative of something personal and conscience. The reader will automatically assume 'prayer', but it could also mean God's personal connection with a human or Spirit. The references to Hands are many and Explicit(Pickthall):
18. (The people of the city) said: We augur ill of you. If ye desist not, we shall surely stone you, and grievous torture will befall you at our hands.
35. That they may eat of the fruit thereof, and their hands made it not. Will they not, then, give thanks?
65. This day We seal up their mouths, and their hands speak out to Us and their feet bear witness as to what they used to earn.
71. Have they not seen how We have created for them of Our handiwork the cattle, so that they are their owners,
83. Therefor glory be to Him in Whose hand is the dominion over all things! Unto Him ye will be brought back.


Neither Jesus, John, Gabriel (The Holy Spirit), Michael, Spirit(s), nor Souls are mentioned in this Chapter.

Seen*

Listening is an important concept in this Chapter, and it does not have many verses to support it:
6. That thou mayst warn a folk whose fathers were not warned, so they are heedless.
10.Whether thou warn them or thou warn them not, it is alike for them, for they believe not.
11. Thou warnest only him who followeth the Reminder and feareth the Beneficent in secret. To him bear tidings of forgiveness and a rich reward.
29. It was but one Shout, and lo! they were extinct.
25. Lo! I have believed in your Lord, so hear me!

However, Support/Help are also frequent in this Chapter:
43. And if We will, We drown them, and there is no help for them, neither can they be saved;
74. And they have taken (other) gods beside Allah, in order that they may be helped.
75. It is not in their power to help them; but they (the worshippers) are unto them a host in arms.

38. Sad in Chapter: Sad


Sad*

Righteousness/Truth is the main theme of this Chapter (Ali):
22. When they entered to David, and he was terrified of them, they said: "Fear not: We are two disputants, one of whom has wronged the other: decide now between us with truth and treat us not with injustice, but guide us to the even Path.
26. O David! We did indeed make thee a vicegerent on earth: so judge thou between men in truth (and justice): nor follow thou the lusts, (of thy heart), for they will mislead thee from the Path of Allah: for those who wander astray from the Path of Allah, is a Penalty Grievous, for that they forget the Day of Account.
44. "And take in thy hand a little grass and strike therewith: and break not (thy oath)." Truly We found him full of patience and constancy: how excellent in Our service! Ever did he turn (to Us)!
47. They were, in Our sight, truly, of the company of the Elect and the Good.
54. Truly such will be Our Bounty (to you); it will never fail―
88. "And ye shall certainly know the truth of it (all) after a while."
49. This is a Message (of admonition): and verily, for the Righteous, is a beautiful place of (final) Return)―

40. Ha-Meem in Chapter: The Forgiver


Ha

This is an entirely different Ha then the previous Ha's. It's sound comes from the back of the throat, rather than the mouth. In fact, this letter does not exist in earlier semiotic languages and a Kh sound was used in it's place (i.e. Arabic Hyder = Hebew Kheder). The Hebrew Chet means an enclosed location(field, house, boundaries) and it can also mean Bonding. 

In the context of this Chapter it can mean many things. My first guess would be the Throne of God, since only Angels can approach it:
7. Those who sustain the Throne (of Allah) and those around it sing Glory and Praise to their Lord; believe in Him; and implore forgiveness for those who believe: "Our Lord! Thy reach is over all things in Mercy, and Knowledge. Forgive, then, those who turn in repentance, and follow Thy Path: and preserve them from the Penalty of the Blazing Fire!
15. Raised high above ranks (or degrees), (He is) the Lord of the Throne (of authority): by his command doth He send the spirit (of inspiration) to any of His servants He pleases that it may warn (men) of the Day of Mutual Meeting―
37. "The ways and means of (reaching) the heavens, and that I may mount up to the God of Moses; but as far as I am concerned, I think (Moses) is a liar!" Thus was made alluring, in Pharaoh's eyes, the evil of his deeds, and he was hindered from the Path; and the plot of Pharaoh led to nothing but perdition (for him).

My second choice would be Paradise, since it is 'enclosed' for the Believers, but there are not enough verses to support it:
8. Our Lord! and make them enter the gardens of perpetuity which Thou hast promised to them and those who do good of their fathers and their wives and their offspring, surely Thou are the Mighty, the Wise.
40. Whoever does an evil, he shall not be recompensed (with aught) but the like of it, and whoever does good, whether male or female, and he is a believer, these shall enter the garden, in which they shall be given sustenance without measure.

The last choice is the Fire/Hell, which is mentioned in extreme detail throughout this Chapter:
49. Those in the Fire will say to the Keepers of Hell: "Pray to your Lord to lighten us the Penalty for a Day (at least)!"
60. And your Lord says: "Call on Me; I will answer your (Prayer): But those who are too arrogant to serve Me will surely find themselves in Hell in humiliation!"
76. "Enter ye the Gates of Hell, to dwell therein: and evil is (this) abode of the arrogant!"

Based on these verses, I think the Fire/Hell would be the most logical reference of this Letter, since it is heavily 'fenced'.


Meem

There is an implicit reference to rain in this Chapter (Pickthall):
13. He it is Who showeth you His Signs, and sendeth down sustenance for you from the sky: but only those receive admonition who turn (to Allah).
There is also an important verse related to the Water of Hell, which is probably what this Letter refers to:
72. Through boiling waters; then they are thrust into the Fire.
There is also a famous verse about the Womb:
67. He it is Who created you from dust, then from a drop (of seed) then from a clot, then bringeth you forth as a child, then (ordaineth) that ye attain full strength and afterward that ye become old men - though some among you die before - and that ye reach an appointed term, that haply ye may understand.


41. Ha-Meem in Chapter: The Detailed Explanation


Ha

There are many implicit references to the Throne of God in this Chapter (Khan):
11. Then He rose over (Istawâ) towards the heaven when it was smoke, and said to it and to the earth: "Come both of you willingly or unwillingly." They both said: "We come, willingly."
12. Then He completed and finished from their creation (as) seven heavens in two Days and He made in each heaven its affair. And We adorned the nearest (lowest) heaven with lamps (stars) to be an adornment as well as to guard (from the devils by using them as missiles against the devils). Such is the Decree of Him the All-Mighty, the All-Knower.
38. But if they are too proud (to do so), then there are those who are with your Lord (angels) glorify Him night and day, and never are they tired.
There are 5 references to fire and many references to Hell:
19. And (remember) the Day that the enemies of Allâh will be gathered to the Fire, then they will be driven [(to the fire), former ones being withheld till their later ones will join them].
20. Till, when they reach it (Hell-fire), their hearing (ears) and their eyes, and their skins will testify against them as to what they used to do.
24. Then, if they bear the torment patiently, then the Fire is the home for them, and if they seek to please Allâh, yet they are not of those who will ever be allowed to please Allâh.
28. That is the recompense of the enemies of Allâh: the Fire. Therein will be for them the eternal home, a (deserving) recompense for that they used to deny Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.).


Meem

There is only one reference to Water in this Chapter:
39. And among His Signs (in this), that you see the earth barren, but when We send down water (rain) to it, it is stirred to life and growth (of vegetations). Verily, He Who gives it life, surely is Able to give life to the dead (on the Day of Resurrection). Indeed! He is Able to do all things.
There is also one reference to the Womb:
47. To Him (Alone) is referred the knowledge of the Hour. No fruit comes out of its sheath, nor does a female conceive, nor brings forth (young), except by His Knowledge. And on the Day when He will call unto them (polytheists) (saying): "Where are My (so-called) partners (whom you did invent)?" They will say: "We inform You that none of us bears witness to it (that they are Your partners)!"

42. Ha-Meem / Ayn-Seen-Qaf in Chapter: The Consultation
NOTE: This is the only Chapter that has 2 sets of Letters (Ha-Meem and Ayn-Seen_Qaf).

Ha

A note of interest should be the frequent use of King of the 'Heavens and the Earth'. It is used 7 times to refer to God.

There is an implicit reference to the Throne of God at the beginning of the Chapter:
4. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, and He is the Most High, the Most Great.
5. Nearly the heavens might be rent asunder from above them (by His Majesty), and the angels glorify the praises of their Lord, and ask for forgiveness for those on the earth, verily, Allâh is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

There are also a few references to Paradise:
7. And thus We have revealed unto you (O Muhammad SAW) a Qur'ân in Arabic that you may warn the Mother of the Towns (Makkah) and all around it. and warn (them) of the Day of Assembling, of which there is no doubt, when a party will be in Paradise (those who believed in Allâh and followed what Allâh's Messenger SAW brought them) and a party in the blazing Fire (Hell) (those who disbelieved in Allâh and followed not what Allâh's Messenger SAW brought them).
22. You will see (on the Day of Resurrection), the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers) fearful of that which they have earned, and it (Allâh's Torment) will surely befall them, But those who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh Islâmic Monotheism) and do righteous deeds (will be) in the flowering meadows of the Gardens (Paradise), They shall whatsoever they desire with their Lord. That is the supreme Grace, (Paradise).

There is surprisingly only one strong reference to Fire/Hell:
45. And you will see them brought forward to it (Hell) made humble by disgrace , (and) looking with stealthy glance. And those who believe will say: "Verily, the losers are they who lose themselves and their families on the Day of Resurrection. Verily, the Zâlimûn [i.e. Al-Kâfirûn (disbelievers in Allâh, in His Oneness and in His Messenger SAW , polytheists, wrong-doers)] will be in a lasting torment.
It is hard to decide what this is referring to, but the Chapter seems to suggest the 'fenced' Paradise and Hell.


Meem

There are a few references to Water in this Chapter:
28. And He it is Who sends down the rain after they have despaired, and spreads His Mercy. And He is the Walî (Helper, Supporter, Protector, Lord), Worthy of all Praise.
32. And among His Signs are the ships, in the sea, like mountains.
There is also 2 references to the Womb:
11. The Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you mates from yourselves, and for the cattle (also) mates. By this means He creates you (in the wombs). There is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.
49. To Allâh belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He wills. He bestows female (offspring) upon whom He wills, and bestows male (offspring) upon whom He wills.


Ayn

This literally means Eye in Arabic and Hebrew. It can also mean to project (that is far away) or be lofty. One can recall the words 'Ala and 'Ali, which means lifted/exalted as well. 
45. And thou wilt see them exposed to (the Fire), made humble by disgrace, and looking with veiled eyes. And those who believe will say: Lo! the (eternal) losers are they who lose themselves and their housefolk on the Day of Resurrection. Lo! are not the wrong-doers in perpetual torment?
[Yusuf Ali] 16But those who dispute concerning Allah after He has been accepted, futile is their dispute in the sight of their Lord: on them is Wrath, and for them will be a Penalty Terrible.
22. Thou seest the wrong-doers fearful of that which they have earned, and it will surely befall them, while those who believe and do good works (will be) in flowering meadows of the Gardens, having what they wish from their Lord. This is the great preferment.
44. He whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no protecting friend after Him. And thou (Muhammad) wilt see the evil-doers when they see the doom, (how) they say: Is there any way of return?
There are no references to physical distance, but there is 'physical' exaltation of God:
5. Almost might the heavens above be rent asunder while the angels hymn the praise of their Lord and ask forgiveness for those on the earth. Lo! Allah, He is the Forgiver, the Merciful.
51. And it was not (vouchsafed) to any mortal that Allah should speak to him unless (it be) by revelation or from behind a veil, or (that) He sendeth a messenger to reveal what He will by His leave. Lo! He is Exalted, Wise.


Seen

26. And He listens to those who belive and do good works, and giveth increase unto them of His bounty. And as for disbelievers, theirs will be an awful doom.
[Shakir] 51And it is not for any mortal that Allah should speak to them, they could not bear to hear and they did not see.
[Pickthal] 11The Creator of the heavens and the earth. He hath made for you pairs of yourselves, and of the cattle also pairs, whereby He multiplieth you. Naught is as His likeness; and He is the Hearer, the Seer.

There must be a connection to Seeing and Hearing in this Chapter, due to the large amount of verses for each, and in verse 51 both are attributed to God.


Qaf

In Ancient Hebrew, this meant the Skull, specifically the back of the head. It could also be used to refer to Power. One can recall the word Quwat, which means just that.
NOTE: This is not Kaf

There is no reference to the Skull, brain, Apes or weapons whatsoever. There is an implicit reference to the mind:
45. And thou wilt see them brought forward to the (Penalty), in a humble frame of mind because of (their) disgrace, (and) looking with a stealthy glance. And the Believers will say: "Those are indeed in loss who have given the perdition their own selves and those belonging to them, on the Day of Judgement. Behold! Truly the wrongdoers are in a lasting Penalty!"
However, if the connection between the Letter is Power, then this Chapter is replete with related verses:
3. Thus doth (He) send Inspiration to thee as (He did) to those before thee― Allah, Exalted in Power, full of Wisdom.
4. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth: and He is Most High, Most Great.
5. The heavens are almost rent asunder from above them (by His Glory): and the angels celebrate the Praises of their Lord, and pray for forgiveness for (all) beings on earth: behold! Verily Allah is He, the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
19. Gracious is Allah to His servants: He gives Sustenance to whom He pleases: and He has Power and can carry out His Will.
9. What! Have they taken (for worship) protectors besides Him? But it is Allah He is the Protector and it is He Who gives life to the dead: it is He Who has power over all things.
29. And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and the living creatures that He has scattered through them: and He has power to gather them together when He wills.
50. Or He bestows both males and females, and He leaves barren whom He will: for He is Full of knowledge and power.


43. Ha-Meem in Chapter: The Gold Adornments


Ha

There is only one reference to the Throne of God in this Chapter, but there are 4 references to the 'heavens and the Earth':
82. Glory to the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Lord of the Throne (of Authority)! (He is free) from the things they attribute (to Him)!
There is also a reference to the 'Mother of the Book'
4. And verily it is in the Mother of the Book, in Our Presence, high (in dignity), full of wisdom.


Meem

There are only 2 references to Water in this Chapter, and no reference to the Womb (only creation):
11. That sends down (from time to time) rain from the sky in due measure;― and We raise to life therewith a land that is dead; even so will ye be raised (from the dead)―
51. And Pharaoh proclaimed among his people, saying: "O my people! Does not the dominion of Egypt belong to me, (witness) these streams flowing underneath my (palace)? What! see ye not then?


44. Ha-Meem in Chapter: The Smoke


Ha*

The 'Heavens and the Earth' are mentioned 3 times and scattered throughout. 
There is no reference to the Throne of God in this Chapter whatsoever. 

There is a detailed account of Fire/Hell in many verses:
47. (A voice will cry:) "Seize ye him and drag him into the midst of the Blazing Fire!
56. Nor will they there taste Death, except the first Death; and He will preserve them from the Penalty of the Blazing Fire―
There is also a verse that hints to a 'fenced' area in Paradise:
51. As to the Righteous (they will be) in a position of Security


Meem

There are many events that involve Water in this Chapter. The most likely candidate for this Chapter is the story of Moses splitting the Red Sea:
23. (The reply came): "March forth with My servants by night: for ye are sure to be pursued.
24. "And leave the sea as a furrow (divided). for they are a host (destined) to be drowned."
25. How many were the gardens and springs they left behind.
52. Among Gardens and Springs;
There is also a detailed account of Hell involving boiling water:
43. Verily the tree of Zaqqum
44. Will be the food of the Sinful
45. Like molten brass; it will boil in their insides
46. Like the boiling of scalding water.
47. (A voice will cry:) "Seize ye him and drag him into the midst of the Blazing Fire!
48. "Then pour over his head the Penalty of Boiling Water;


45. Ha-Meem in Chapter: The Kneeling


Ha*

The 'Heavens and the Earth' are mentioned 6 times throughout this Chapter.
There is no reference to the Throne of God in this Chapter whatsoever. 

There are only 2 verses related to the Fire/Hell in this Chapter:
10. In front of them is Hell: and of no profit to them is anything they may have earned, nor any protectors they may have taken to themselves besides Allah: for them is a tremendous Penalty.
34. It will also be said: "This Day We will forget you as ye forgot the meeting of this Day of yours! And your abode is the Fire, and no helpers have ye!


Meem*

There are only 2 references to Water in this Chapter, and no reference to the Womb:
12. It is Allah Who has subjected the sea to you, that ships may sail through it by His command, that ye may seek of His Bounty, and that ye may be grateful.
[Mohsin Khan] 5And in the alternation of night and day, and the provision (rain) that Allâh sends down from the sky, and revives therewith the earth after its death, and in the turning about of the winds (i.e. sometimes towards the east or north, and sometimes towards the south or west, sometimes bringing glad tidings of rain, etc. and sometimes bringing the torment), are signs for a people who understand.


46. Ha-Meem in Chapter: The Dunes


Ha

The 'Heavens and the Earth' are mentioned 3 times and scattered throughout. 
There is no reference to the Throne of God in this Chapter whatsoever. 

There are only 2 references to Paradise.

There are 3 references to Fire/Hell in the second-half of this Chapter. 

Meem

There is only one reference to Water in this Chapter:
24. Then, when they saw the (Penalty in the shape of ) a cloud traversing the sky, coming to meet their valleys, they said: "This cloud will give us rain!" "Nay, it is the (calamity) ye were asking to be hastened!― a― wind wherein is a Grievous Penalty!
There is also one extravagant reference to the Womb:
15. We have enjoined on man Kindness to his parents: in pain did his mother bear him, and in pain did she give him birth. The carrying of the (child) to his weaning is (a period of) thirty months. At length, when he reaches the age of full strength and attains forty years, he says "O my Lord! Grant me that I may be grateful for Thy favour which Thou hast bestowed upon me, and upon both my parents, and that I may work righteousness such as Thou mayest approve; and be gracious to me in my issue. Truly have I turned to Thee and truly do I bow (to Thee) in Islam."


50. Qaf in Chapter: Qaf

Qaf

There is an explicit reference to the mind, which seems to fit the Letter's primary definition (Shakir):
16. And certainly We created man, and We know what his mind suggests to him, and We are nearer to him than his life-vein.
However, if the connection between the Letter is Power, then this Chapter is replete with related verses:
14. And the dwellers of the grove and the people of Tuba; all rejected the messengers, so My threat came to pass.
He will say: Do not quarrel in My presence, and indeed I gave you the threatening beforehand:
And how many a generation did We destroy before them who were mightier in prowess than they, so they went about and about in the lands. Is there a place of refuge?
The day on which the earth shall cleave asunder under them, they will make haste; that is a gathering together easy to Us.

68. Nun in Chapter: The Pen

Nun

This Letter can represent a Fish or a snake. It is a reference to Jonah and the Whale:
48. So wait with patience for the Decision of your Lord, and be not like the Companion of the Fish — when he cried out (to Us) while he was in deep sorrow. (See the Qur'ân, Verse 21:87).
49. Had not a Grace from his Lord reached him, he would indeed have been (left in the stomach of the fish, but We forgave him), so he was cast off on the naked shore, while he was to be blamed.

"If one keeps in consideration the example given above, it is quite likely that the abbreviated letters by which other surahs commence are placed at the beginning of the surahs to symbolise a relation between the topics of a particular surah and their own ancient connotations." [3]

Conclusion

I sincerely hope you enjoyed reading my exposition on Hamiduddin Farahi's theory on the Disjointed-Letters. Please comment with recommendations and point out any errors in my research. I will release a new post with an analysis of all my data. Salamun Alaikum!



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