Sunday, December 16, 2012

Huroof Al-Muqatta'at - Part 2


Huroof Al-Muqatta'at - Hamiduddin Farahi's Method

PART 2


This post will attempt to define the Disjointed-Letters(Huroof Al-Muqatta'at) in light of Hamiduddin Farahi's exposition on them. The reader is encouraged to consult the following sources before viewing my research:
  1. http://quransmessage.com/articles/huroof-e-muqqatat%20FM3.htm
  2. http://thedisconnectedletters.wordpress.com/2008/01/19/theory-seven-%E2%80%93-the-letters-hold-a-semiotic-significance/
  3. http://www.hamid-uddin-farahi.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=93:huruf-i-muqattaat-farahis-view&catid=38:articles-others&Itemid=75
I separated Chapter Mary due to it's length. If you want an easy reference to the Hebrew-Arabic Letter Correspondence or Picture-Definition, please look at Part 1. 

By the way, Ta-Ha and Ya-Seen do not refer to Prophet Muhammad(pbuh)!

20. Ta-Ha in Chapter: Ta-Ha


Ta

In Ancient Hebrew, this letter symbolized a curling serpent. It can also generally mean to curve or roll. NOTE: This Arabic Ta= Hebrew Teth, not Taw. 


17. And what is that in thy right hand, O Moses?"
18. He said "It is my rod: on it I lean; with it I beat down fodder for my flocks; and in it I find other uses."
19. (Allah) said "Throw it, O Moses!"
20. He threw it, and behold! it was a snake, active in motion.
21. (Allah) said "Seize it, and fear not: We shall return it at once to its former condition"…
22. Now draw thy hand close to thy side: it shall come forth white (and shining), without harm (or stain)― as another Sign

The first 97 verses tell the story of Moses, the snake and the Pharaoh. This is blatantly what the letter is referring to.


Ha

This represents a window. It could also refer to a connection or guide. There is no literal window in this Chapter. However, the court of the Pharaoh's magicians is mentioned a few times. 

Guidance is mentioned throughout the Chapter, but mostly in the second half:
122. But his Lord chose him (for His Grace): He turned to him, and gave him guidance.
123. He said: "Get ye down both of you― all together from the Garden, with enmity one to another; but if, as is sure there comes to you guidance from Me, whosoever follows My guidance, will not lose his way nor fall into misery.
135. Say: "Each one (of us) is waiting: wait ye, therefore, and soon shall ye know who it is that is on the straight and even way, and who it is that has received guidance."
If narration chronology is involved, then this interpretation is correct.




26. Ta-Seen-Meem in Chapter: The Poets




Ta*

This is an extremely long Chapter and it also contains Moses' story:
32. So (Moses) threw his rod, and behold it was a serpent, plain (for all to see)!
33. And he drew out his hand, and behold, it was white to all beholders!
Later on, more verses appear on the same subject:
43. Moses said to them: "Throw ye― that which ye are about to throw!"
44. So they threw their ropes and their rods and said: "By the might of Pharaoh it is we who will certainly win!"
45. Then Moses threw his rod, when behold, it straightway swallows up all the falsehoods which they fake!
46. Then did the sorcerers fall down, prostrate in adoration
Although these verses are only in the first quarter of the Chapter, they still fit the narration chronology and the letters original meaning.

Seen

This originally meant to support, sustain, and to listen. There are vauge refferences to support in this Chapter:
13. "My breast will be straitened and my speech may not go (smoothly): so send unto Aaron.
93. " `Besides Allah? Can they help you or help themselves?'
Of course, these connections are weak.

There are stronger references to Listening in this Chapter. One of God's attributes in the Qur'an is Sameer, which has a Seen.
15. Allah said: "By no means! proceed then, both of you with Our Signs; We are with you and will listen (to your call).
25. (Pharaoh) said to those around: "Do ye not listen (to what he says)?"
72. He said: "Do they listen to you when ye call (on them)
The reason this is a more likely candidate is because it occurs at the end of the Chapter:
212. Indeed they have been removed far from even (a chance of) hearing it.
220. For it is He Who heareth and knoweth all things.
223. (Into whose ears) they pour hearsay vanities, and most of them are liars.

Meem

This may be an explicit reference to several events. 

The first event dealing with Water and the most likely candidate for this letter is the iconic moment when Moses split the Red Sea:
63. Then We told Moses by inspiration: "Strike the sea with thy rod." So it divided, and each separate part become like the huge, firm mass of a mountain.
64. And We made the other party approach thither.
65. We delivered Moses and all who were with him;
66. But We drowned the others.
67. Verily in this is a Sign: but most of them do not believe.

The second event dealing with Water is in regards to Prophet Salih:
154."Thou art no more than a mortal like us: then bring us a Sign, if thou tellest the truth!"
155.He said: "Here is a she-camel: she has a right of watering, and ye have a right of watering, (severally) on a day appointed.
156."Touch her not with harm, lest the Penalty of a Great Day seize you."
157.But they hamstrung her: then did they become full of regrets.

The last event dealing with Water is in regards to Lot, but it is implicit:
173.We rained down on them a shower (of brimstone): and evil was the shower on those who were admonished (but heeded not)!
Interestingly, this same verse occurs 3 times throughout the Chapter:

57. So We expelled them from gardens, springs
134. And Gardens and Springs.
147. "Gardens and Springs,


27. Ta-Seen in Chapter: The Ant


Ta*

It should be quite obvious what this is always referring to:
10. "Now do thou throw thy rod!" But when he saw it moving (of its own accord) as if it had been a snake, He turned back in retreat and retraced not his steps: "O Moses" (it was said) "Fear not: truly in My presence, those called as messengers have no fear―


Seen

There is no reference to 'Support' in this Chapter. Therefore it must refer to listening: 
62. Or, who listens to the (soul) distressed when it calls on Him, and who relieves its suffering, and makes you (mankind) inheritors of the earth? (Can there be another) god besides Allah? Little it is that ye heed!
80. Truly thou canst not cause the Dead to listen, nor canst thou cause the Deaf to hear the call (especially) when they turn back in retreat.
81. Nor canst thou be a guide to the Blind, (to prevent them) from straying; only those wilt thou get to listen who believe in Our Signs and they will bow in Islam.
However, I think this Chapter uses this letter to refer to Solomon's miraculous listening abilities:
16. And Solomon was David's heir. He said: "O ye people! we have been taught the speech of Birds, and on us has been bestowed (a little) of all things: this is indeed Grace manifest (from Allah)."
18. At length, when they came to a (lowly) valley of ants, one of the ants said: "O ye ants get into your habitations, lest Solomon and his hosts crush you (under foot) without knowing it."
19. So he smiled, amused at her speech; and he said: "O my Lord! so order me that I may be grateful for Thy favours which Thou hast bestowed on me and on my parents and that I may work the righteousness that will please Thee: and admit me by Thy Grace, to the ranks of Thy righteous Servants."



28. Ta-Seen-Meem in Chapter: The Narration


Ta*

31. "Now do thou throw thy rod!" But when he saw it moving (of its own accord) as if it had been a snake he turned back in retreat, and retraced not his steps: "O Moses!" (It was said) " Draw near, and fear not: for thou art of those who are secure.


Seen

36. When Moses came to them with Our Clear Signs, they said: "This is nothing but sorcery faked up: never did we hear the like among our fathers of old!"
55. And when they hear vain talk, they turn away therefrom and say: "To us our deeds and to you yours; peace be to you: we seek not the ignorant."
[Yusuf Ali] 64It will be said (to them): "Call upon your `partners' (for help)": they will call upon them, but they will not listen to them; and they will see the Penalty (before them); (how they will wish) `If only they had been open to guidance!'

Due to the lack of Listening verses in this Chapter, it may be Support. Support occurs 7 times.
86. And thou hadst not expected that the Book would be sent to thee except as a Mercy from thy Lord: therefore lend not thou support in any way to those who reject (Allah's Message).


Meem

Water is discussed in the story of Moses and the Well:
23. And when he arrived at the watering (place) in Madyan, he found there a group of men watering (their flocks) and besides them he found two women who were keeping back (their flocks). He said: "What is the matter with you?" They said: "We cannot water (our flocks), until the shepherds take back (their flocks): and our father is a very old man."
24. So he watered (their flocks) for them; then he turned back to the shade, and said: "O my Lord! Truly am I in (desperate) need of any good that thou dost send me!"…
25. Afterwards one of the (damsels) came (back) to him, walking bashfully. She said: "My father invites thee that he may reward thee for having watered (our flocks) for us." So when he came to him and narrated the story he said: "Fear thou not: (well) hast thou escaped from unjust people."


29. Alif-Laam-Meem in Chapter: The Spider


Alif*

There is no reference to livestock whatsoever in this Chapter. It does contain a verse about the divine messengers who came to Abraham:
30. He said: "O my Lord! Help Thou me against people who do mischief!"
31. When Our Messengers came to Abraham with the good news, they said: "We are indeed going to destroy the people of this township: for truly they are (addicted to) crime."
32. He said: "But there is Lut there." They said: "We know well who is there: we will certainly save him and his following― except his wife: she is of those who lag behind!"
Before this the Chapter does discuss the 'near-sacrifice' of Abraham by Nimrod:
24. So naught was the answer of (Abraham's) people except that they said: "Slay him or burn him." But Allah did save him from the Fire: verily in this are Signs for people who believe.
These verses do not lead to the Cow conclusion, so it must have to do with Strength and persevering for God.
69. And those who strive in Our (Cause)― We will certainly guide them to Our Paths: for verily Allah is with those who do right.


Laam*

Understanding is highlighted and marked after every major section of this Chapter. Knowledge is mentioned 14 times (Ali). 
35. And We have left thereof an evident Sign, for any people who (care to) understand.
43. And such are the Parables We set forth for mankind, but only those understand them who have Knowledge.
63. And if indeed thou ask them who it is that sends down rain from the sky, and gives life therewith to the earth after its death, they will certainly reply "Allah!" Say "Praise be to Allah!" But most of them understand not.

Fire/Hell is mentioned only 4 times, so this Letter cannot refer to it.


Meem

Water is hardly mentioned in this Chapter, but when it is it is about punishments:
40. Each one of them We seized for his crime: of them, against some We sent a violent tornado (with showers of stones); some were caught by a (mighty) Blast; some We caused the earth to swallow up; and some We drowned (in the waters): it was not Allah Who injured (or oppressed) them: they injured (and oppressed) their own souls.
63. And if indeed thou ask them who it is that sends down rain from the sky, and gives life therewith to the earth after its death, they will certainly reply "Allah!" Say "Praise be to Allah!" But most of them understand not.
There is also a mention of heavenly waters:
58. But those who believe and work deeds of righteousness― to them shall We give a Home in Heaven― lofty mansions beneath which flow rivers--to dwell therein for aye; an excellent reward for those who do (good)!
The connection of this Letter to Water in this Chapter is weak, but it may still be established.


30. Alif-Laam-Meem in Chapter: The Romans(Byzantium)


Alif*

There is no reference to livestock whatsoever in this Chapter. 
However, like the last chapter this one also has to do with Strength and persevering for God:
5. With the help of Allah. He helps whom He will, and He is Exalted in Might, Most Merciful.
60. So patiently persevere: for verily the promise of Allah is true: nor let those shake thy firmness, who have (themselves) no certainty of faith.


Laam*

Understanding is highlighted and marked after every major section of this Chapter. Knowledge is mentioned 1o times (Ali):
22. And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the variations in your languages and your colours: verily in that are Signs for those who know.
28. He does propound to you a similitude from your own (experience): do ye have partners among those whom your right hands possess, to share as equals in the wealth We have bestowed on you? Do ye fear them as ye fear each other? Thus do We explain the Signs in detail to a people that understand.
59. Thus does Allah seal up the hearts of those who understand not.

There is no reference to Fire/Hell whatsoever in this Chapter, but 'the punishment' is mentioned.  


Meem

All of the verses dealing with Water in this Chapter discuss rain:
24. And among His Signs, He shows you the lightning, by way both of fear and of hope, and He sends down rain from the sky and with it gives life to the earth after it is dead: verily in that are Signs for those who are wise.
48. It is Allah Who sends the Winds, and they raise the Clouds: then does He spread them in the sky as He wills, and break them into fragments, until thou seest rain-drops issue from the midst thereof: then when He has made them reach such of his servants as He wills, behold they do rejoice!
49. Even though, before they received (the rain)― just before this― they were dumb with despair!


31. Alif-Laam-Meem in Chapter: Luqman


Alif

There is one indirect reference to cattle in this Chapter (Ali):
10. He created the heavens without any pillars that ye can see; He set on the earth mountains standing firm lest it should shake with you; and He scattered through it beasts of all kinds. We send down rain from the sky and produce on the earth every kind of noble creature, in pairs.
Otherwise, this has to do with the strength of God:
30. That is because Allah is the (only) Reality and because whatever else they invoke besides Him is Falsehood; and because Allah― He is the Most High, Most Great.
Both connections are weak and do not have enough verses to support the claims of Farahi.


Laam

Knowledge of God is pointed out throughout this Chapter:
34. Verily, Allâh! With Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Allâh is All¬Knower, All¬Aware (of things).
Fire/Hell is only mentioned 2 times, so this has nothing to do with the Letter.


Meem

Water is only referenced a few times and always refers to rain:
10. He has created the heavens without any pillars, that you see and has set on the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with you. And He has scattered therein moving (living) creatures of all kinds. And We send down water (rain) from the sky, and We cause (plants) of every goodly kind to grow therein.
32. And when a wave covers them like shades (i.e. like clouds or the mountains of sea¬water), they invoke Allâh, making their invocations for Him only. But when He brings them safe to land, there are among them those that stop in between (Belief and disbelief). But none denies Our Signs except every perfidious ingrate.
34. Verily, Allâh! With Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Allâh is All¬Knower, All¬Aware (of things).
I pointed out the 'wombs' because this is the second time that Meem has occurred in relation to the Womb.

Another famous verse from this Chapter is the allegory of the Oceans and the Pen of God:
27. And if all the trees on the earth were pens and the sea (were ink wherewith to write), with seven seas behind it to add to its (supply), yet the Words of Allâh would not be exhausted. Verily, Allâh is All¬Mighty, All¬Wise.
31. See you not that the ships sail through the sea by Allâh's Grace that He may show you of His Signs? Verily, in this are signs for every patient, grateful (person).
This is most likely what the letter is referring to.


32. Alif-Laam-Meem in Chapter: The Prostration


Alif*

There is only one explicit reference to cattle in this chapter:
27. Have they not seen how We drive water to the dry land that has no any vegetation, and therewith bring forth crops providing food for their cattle and themselves? Will they not then see?
It does not seem important in the overall context of the Chapter, so the letter probably refers to God.


Laam

Amazingly, knowledge is hardly the message of this Chapter. It only occurs 2 times(Khan):
6. That is He, the All¬Knower of the unseen and the seen, the All¬Mighty, the Most Merciful.
17. No person knows what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do



Meem

27. Have they not seen how We drive water to the dry land that has no any vegetation, and therewith bring forth crops providing food for their cattle and themselves? Will they not then see?

Aside from this non-essential passage, their is another passage that hints to the Womb:
8. Then He made his offspring from semen of dispised water (male and female sexual discharge).

THANKS FOR READING PART 2! PART 3 BEGINS WITH YA-SEEN.

1 comment:

  1. Salaam,

    Great job, brother. Alhamdulillah. I learned a lot from your muqatta'at analysis.
    I drop a comment also to humbly asking you to take a look further at "alif", I recommend "alif" hidden meaning is "to stand" (qawm = qaf-waw-meem) since in arabic, alif looks very similar as a vertical line. It's also related to the hebrew letter "aleph" which is formed by two yuds, one to the upper right and the other to the lower left, joined by a diagonal vav. These represent the higher and lower vertical connection, between God and human.

    Thanks! May Peace be upon you

    ReplyDelete